Old World Trade Routes Project

Trade routes and urban supply routes are the sequences of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. Trade routes connect public markets. They also link producers with such markets. Supply routes, by contrast, take products directly to individual consumers. When such activities are secret, so as to avoid paying custom duties, or to avoid detection by authorities, a smuggling route is created. The geographical scale of such operations varies very strongly. Accordingly, trade routes are best conceptualised as long-distance arteries, ones which span tens or hundreds of kilometres, and which are routinely connected to countless smaller capillaries of both commercial and non-commercial transport.

In addition to trade/supply routes, there are also many other networks which move (a) goods, (b) people and (c) information: administrative routes (used for periodical inspections, administration of justice, and revenue collection) exchange routes (used for establishment and maintenance of good social relationships between neighbouring communities) military routes (ones which supply fortresses and garrisons, routes of advance, and 'communication lines' established during military campaigns) nomadic transhumance routes passenger routes (established by movement of fare-paying travellers) pilgrimage routes pillagers' raiding routes postal routes (operated by runners, riders, and couriers travelling by carts and ships) settlers' migration routes signals routes (maintained by means of homing pigeons, beacons, watch-towers, and semaphore stations) tribute routes (used as an instrument of international politics) The comparative study of organisation, history, geography and logistics of local, regional and global trade routes, and other movement, transportation, and communication networks is called dromography (Gr. 'dromos' [way, street, route, corridor] + Gr.'graphos' [to write]) [The term 'dromography' was coined by T. M. Ciolek, in April 2001] The dilemmas and pitfalls of direct digital mapping [notes are to be provided] Steps towards creation of researcher-friendly, interoperable data sets [notes are to be provided] Stages in production of an electronic thematic atlas [notes are to be provided]

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Doplňující informace

Pole Hodnota
Zdroj http://www.ciolek.com/OWTRAD/DATA/oddda.html
Autor Dr T. Matthew Ciolek

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